Referee Gestures
Picture
Description

Ippon

When one contestant has scored ippon or equivalent, he shall be declared the winner. The fight stops.

The referee shall raise one arm with palm of hand facing forward, high above the head.

a) When a contestant with control throws the other contestant largely on his back with considerable force and speed.

b) When a contestant holds with osaekomi-waza the other contestant for 25 seconds.

c) When a contestant gives up by tapping twice or more with his hand or foot or says maitta.

d) When a contestant is incapacitated.

Equivalence: Should one contestant be penalised hansoku make the other contestant shall be declared the winner.

 

Waza-ari

Shall raise one of his arms with palm of hand facing downwards, sideways, to shoulder height.

(a) When a contestant with control throws the other contestant, but the technique is partially lacking in one of the four elements necessary for ippon.

(b) When a contestant holds with osaekomi-waza the other contestant who is unable to get away for 20 seconds or more, but less than 25 seconds.

Equivalence: Should one contestant have been penalized with 3 Shidos, the other contestant shall receive waza-ari immediately.

 

Waza-ari Awasete Ippon

First waza-ari, then ippon gesture.

Should one contestant gain a second waza-ari in the contest, the referee shall announce waza-ari awasete ippon. This can be from a combination of throws, hold-down times, or if the other contestant receives 3 shido penalties in the match.

Yuko

Shall raise one of his arms, with palm of hand facing downwards, 45 degrees from his body.

(a) When a contestant with control throws the other contestant, but the technique is partially lacking in two of the other three elements necessary for ippon:

(b) When a contestant holds with osaekomi-waza the other contestant who is unable to get away for 15 seconds or more but less than 20 seconds.

Equivalence: Should one contestant have been penalised chui the other contestant shall receive yuko immediately.

 

Osaekomi

To indicated a hold down is on. The referee shall point his arm out from his body down towards the contestants while facing the contestants and bending his body towards them.

Ippon: total of 25 seconds.
Waza-ari: 20 seconds or more but less than 25 seconds.
Yuko: 15 seconds or more but less than 20 seconds.

An osaekomi of less than 15 seconds will be counted the same as an attack called a Kinsa.

 

Toketa

To indicate a hold-down is broken, the referee shall raise one of his arms to the front and wave it from right to left quickly two or three times while bending the body towards the contestants.

(See Osaekomi time above for score times.)

Hiki-wake

The decision of hiki-wake shall be given, when there is no advantage on the scoreboard and where it is impossible to judge the superiority of either contestant, in accordance with this article, within the time allotted for the contest. In modern judo, this is only seen when there is only a referee and no judges on the mat to assist.

The Referee shall raise one of his hands high in the air and bring it down to the front of his body (with thumb edge up) and hold it there for a while.

Normally in modern judo with 3 officials on the mat, if after match time (and golden score if applicable) the score is tied. The judges and referee will take out white and blue flags so each judge and referee can make their opinion on who had better judo.

 

Matte

When for some reason the fight must stop, just for a moment (during the fight) or at the end (mate soremade).

The referee shall raise one of his hands to shoulder height and with his arm approximately parallel to the tatami, shall display the flattened palm of his hand (fingers up) to the timekeeper.


Sonomama

In any case where the referee wishes to temporarily stop the contest e.g. to address one or both contestants without causing a change in their positions, or to award a penalty so that the contestant who is not penalised does not lose his position of advantage, he shall announce sonomama. To recommence the contest he shall announce yoshi. Sono-mama can only be applied in ne-waza.

The referee shall bend forward and touch both contestants with the palms of his hands.



Yoshi

If during ne-waza a contestant shows sign of injury, the referee may announce sonomama if necessary then return the contestants to the positions they held before the announcement of sonomama - and then announce yoshi.

The referee shall firmly touch both contestants with the palms of his hands and bring pressure on them.



Cancellation of a Score

To indicate the cancellation of an expressed opinion (either score or penalty): the referee shall repeat with one hand the same gesture while raising the other hand above the head to the front and wave it from right to left two or three times.


Medical

To indicate the recording of a medical examination by the doctor: the referee will signal with hand opened towards the contestant and with the other hand, raise the index finger towards the recorder for first examination and the index and the middle-finger for the second examination.

Kachi

To indicate the winner of a contest, the referee shall raise one hand, palm in, above shoulder height towards the winner.

Adjust Judogi

To direct the contestant(s) to re-adjust the judogi, the referee will cross left hand over right, palms facing inwards, at belt height while facing the appropriate contestant while they are in Matte.

Penalties

To award a penalty (shido or hansoku-make), the referee will make the signal for the approproate penalty and then point towards the offending contestant with the index finger extended from a closed fist.

When a shido is awarded, the scoreboard shall indicate shido 1 on the offending contestants side of the scoreboard.

If a second shido is given, then the scoreboard should indicate 2 shidos, and the other contestant is awarded a yuko.

Likewise, if a 3rd shido is handed out, the scoreboard shall reflect shido 3 and the other contestant's score of yuko is moved up to Wazari (the yuko is removed).

If a 4th shido is neccessary, the referee shall indicate hansoku-make and shall award the match to the other contestant by hansoku-gachi.

 

Non-Combativity

Non-Combativity is one of the most common penalties in judo. The penalty is only given while the contestants are in a standing position, after kumi-kata has been established and not to make any attacking moves.

To indicate this penalty the referee will rotate, with a forward motion, the forearms at chest height then point with the forefinger at the contestant.

 

Judge Guestures

Inside

When a throw is started with both contestants inside the contest area, but during the throw, the contestant being thrown moves outside the contest area, the action may be considered for point scoring purposes if the throwing action continues uninterrupted and the contestant executing the throw stays within the contest area long enough for the effectiveness of the action to be clearly apparent.

The corner judge will raise the arm on the appropriate line and come down with the thumb facing up and hold steady to indicate the throw should be scored.

 

Outside

The judge indicates that the action went outside of the contest area. He move the appropriate arm, strait, from left to right, two or three times with the thumb facing up so the referee can say "matte". This indicates that if there was a throw that the action started outside the contest area and should not be scored.


Invalid

To indicate that he doesn't agree with the referee's decision, the judge indicates the invalid action by repeating with one hand above the head to the front and wave it from right to left two or three times.
If the two judges agree, the referee must change is decision.

Stand-up

When the progress during ne wza (ground work) has stopped, and referee has not yet called matte, the judges indicate to the referee that the combat must stop ("matte") and must go from ne-waza to tachi-waza to start again by putting both hand out front (palm side up) and lifting the hands up and down.