Here are some common Japanese terms one would hear in a typical judo class or competition. 

 

Basic Terms & Directions

Japanese 

English 

Sound 

Sensei Instructor  
Hajime Begin / Start  
Mate Stop  
Sore Mate  That is all  
Seiza Kneel   
Rei Bow  
Ritsu Rei Standing Bow  
Kyotsukei  Attention  
Migi Right  
Hidari Left  
Dojo Judo Practice Room  
Tori Person doing the technique  
Uke Person whom the technique is applied to  
Ukemi Breakfall  
Kuzushi Breaking a person's balance  
Uchikomi Practice a technique without completing it  

 

Body Parts & Clothing

Japanese 

English 

Sound 

Ashi Foot  
Ashi Kubi Ankle  
Hiza Knee  
Goshi Hip  
Do Body  
Kata Shoulder (also means a set of pre-arranged techniques)  
Te Hand  
Kubi Neck  
Atama Head  
Judogi Judo Suit  
Obi Belt  
Eri Jacket / Collar  

 

Competition Specific Terms

See the Referee Signals Page for visuals of scores and penalties.

Japanese 

English 

Sound 

Shiai Competition / Tournament  
Shiaijo Competition Room  
Joseki Honoured Table  
Ippon Score: Full Point  
Wazari Score: Half Point   
Yuko Score: Quarter Point  
Shido Penalty: Minor  
Hansukomake Penalty: Disqualification  
Sono Mama Freeze / Don't Move  
Osaekomi The hold down has started  
Toketa The hold down is broken