Judo explained -Rules 2017

Judo rules 2017 explained! 🔜 #JudoParis2017

Posted by IJF - International Judo Federation on Wednesday, February 1, 2017

 

Judo is a traditional Martial Art and Olympic Sport that focuses on grappling and throwing techniques while promoting fun, discipline, and physical fitness. Many parents often marvel at the focus young judoka (judo students) develop with only a short time in the activity. Safety and the Senpai-Kohai principals (advanced students helping less advanced students) are key themes which help to build self-esteem and a sense of responsibility.

Judo, which means "the gentle way", was developed in Japan by Dr. Jigaro Kano during the early 1880's. It officially began in 1882 when Professor Kano founded the Kodokan. There are no kicks, punches, or weaponry used in modern Judo, however the Goshin Jitsu (self-defense) kata of judo uses wooden weapons as props to show the defense against someone using those weapons.

Kano created Judo as an alternative to the traditional martial arts at the time, namely Jujitsu of which Kano himself was a student. He promoted the study and practice of Judo as a means to develop one's mind, body, and spirit. He also promoted the philosophies of Jita Kyeoi, which means mutual welfare and benefit and Seiryoku Zenyo, which means maximum efficency with minimum effort. These philosophies set Judo apart from the other traditional martial arts which were developed for combat purposes.

Judo consists of two basic groups of techniques; nage-waza (throwing techniques) and katame-waza (grappling techniques). These basic groups can be further broken down into sub groups:

 

Nage-waza

Te-Waza (hand techniques)

Goshi-Waza (hip techniques)

Ashi-Waza (foot/leg techniques)

Ma-Sutemi-Waza (rear sacrifice techniques) 

Yoko-Sutemi-Waza (side sacrifice techniques)

 

Katame-Waza

Osaekomi-Waza (hold downs)

Shime-Waza (chokes which are not introduced until 13 years old or more)

Kansetsu-Waza (arm-locks which are not introduced until 13 years old or more)